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Kidney Stones-Everything That You Should Know!


A kidney stone is also known as a renal calculi or nephrolith. Depending on the location, it is called ureteral, bladder, or kidney stone. About 97% of the stones are found in the kidney and the ureter, while 3% are in the bladder and urethra.


What Causes A Kidney Stone?


They are the result of a buildup of dissolved minerals on the inner lining of the kidneys. This is mainly due to the lack of water in the body. When there is no enough water to dilute the uric acid (a component of urine), the urine becomes more acidic, and an extremely acidic environment in the urine can lead to the formation of kidney stones.


Symptoms?



 Diagnosis


Kidney stones are mainly diagnosed by-


Physical examination- that reveals colicky pain in the groin and abdominal region-these are warning signs of the condition


Urinalysis-to indicate if blood is there in the urine and subsequent infection


Blood tests-to check complications that accompany kidney stone and the


Ultrasound- to detect complications


CT scan- to check the state of the ureter, bladder, and kidneys, whether or not a stone exists, location of the stone and to check if the blockage has occurred


X-ray- once kidney stones are diagnosed, X-rays are performed to track the progress of the stone.


Prevention


Making small adjustments to the current diet and nutrition plan may help prevent kidney stones formation. Here are the 5 super tips to prevent kidney stones-


Tip 1- Increase- High fluid intake and fiber-rich food in the diet. Don’t forget to take at least eight glasses of fluids (wither water or juices) daily. If


Tip 2- Avoid foods rich in calcium oxalate such as grapefruit, cranberry, soybeans, potato, spinach, nuts(cashew and peanuts), beets, asparagus. Also, avoid Vitamin C supplements.


Tip 3 - Get enough dietary calcium as calcium found in food helps reduce the risk of stones. Foods that are rich in calcium include orange juice, soy juice, tofu, and some cereals.


Treatment


Initially, pain-relieving medications are provided and later based on the location and size; the ideal treatment option will be chosen to manage and remove the stones. Surgical option to treat a kidney stone could be Laser Miniperc PCNL  or Laser RIRS depending on the location and accessibility of the kidney stone.


 


Content Source: Healthline